Hawaii consists of eight main islands and numerous smaller islands of coral and volcanic origin situated in the central Pacific Ocean 2,400 miles (3,862 km.) from San Francisco. The archipelago has an area of 6,471 sq. mi. (16,641 sq. km.) and a population of 1.1 million. Capital: Honolulu. The principal industries are tourism and agriculture. Sugar canes and pineapples are exported. ,The islands, originally populated by Polynesians who traveled from the Society Islands, were discovered by British navigator Capt. James Cook in 1778. He named them the Sandwich Islands. King Kamehameha the Great united the islands under one kingdom (1795-1810) which endured until 1892 when Queen Liliuokalani, the gifted composer of ?Aloha Oe? and other songs, was deposed and a provisional government established. This was followed by a republic which governed Hawaii until 1898 when it ceded itself to the United States. Hawaii was organized as a territory in 1900 and became the 50th state of the United States on Aug. 21, 1959.,, Rulers:,,, ,King Kalakaua, 1874-1891,, ,Queen Liliuokalani, 1891-1893,, ,Provisional Government, 1893-1894,, ,Republic, 1894-1898,, ,Annexed to the U.S., 1898-1900,, ,Territory, 1900-1959,, Monetary System:,,, ,1 Dollar = 100 Cents ,,