Southwest Africa (now the Republic of Namibia), the former German territory of German southwest Africa, is situated on the Atlantic coast of southern Africa, bounded on the north by Angola, on the east by Botswana, and on the south by South Africa. It has an area of 318, 261 sq. mi. (824,290 sq. km.) and a population of 1.4 million. Capital: Windhoek. Diamonds, copper, lead, zinc and cattle are exported. ,South Africa undertook the administration of Southwest Africa under the terms of a League of Nations mandate on Dec. 17, 1920. When the League of Nations was dissolved in 1946, its supervisory authority for Southwest Africa was inherited by the United Nations. In 1946 the UN denied South Africa?s request to annex Southwest Africa. South Africa responded by reusing to place the territory under a UN trusteeship. In 1950 the International Court of Justice ruled that South Africa could not unilaterally modify the international status of South West Africa. A 1966 UN resolution declaring the mandate terminated was rejected by South Africa, and the status of the area remained in dispute. In June 1968 the UN General assembly voted to rename the country Namibia. It became a republic in March 1990.,, ,Notes of the three emission banks circulated until 1963n and were then replaced by notes of the Republic of South Africa.,, ,Also see German Southwest Africa and Namibia.,, Monetary System:,,, ,1 Shilling = 12 Pence,, ,1 Pound = 20 Shillings to 1961,,